How to learn to draw a horse: Automatic translate
Structure and shape
To understand the external shape of a horse, it is useful to get acquainted with the structure of its skeleton and muscle system.
Bones and muscles
You do not need to seriously study the anatomy of a horse, unless, of course, you are not going to do it professionally. However, it’s still very useful to find out some information, make notes for yourself about how the structure of bones - especially those located close to the surface - affects the shape of the body. It is equally useful to learn the most general things about muscles that directly affect the surface of the body.
Where to find information
For information on horse anatomy, visit the Natural History Museum, but check out your local library first. Perhaps there will be a book on horse care where there are probably illustrations useful to you.
If you want your drawings to look convincing, you need to know some rules regarding perspective. Perspective is an optical illusion that allows artists to depict three-dimensional objects on a flat two-dimensional surface.
There are three forms of perspective: linear, tonal (or airy) and shortened. All three can be used to convey depth and remoteness. Knowing their rules is imperative for an artist building a three-dimensional drawing.
A linear perspective states that objects decrease in size as they move away from the viewer. So, the horse in the foreground of the picture will seem larger than the horse in the middle plane or far away - although in reality they can be the same in height.
The tonal perspective is an illusory effect, due to which distant objects appear lighter in color and contour than closer to the viewer. It is explained by the effect of the atmosphere, which muffles colors and reduces the difference between light and shadow. Of course, it is almost imperceptible when you look at the horse - its head is not so far from the tail that the difference is visible. However, you can use your right as an artist and exaggerate this illusion to convey depth and volume.
A shortened perspective works the same as a linear perspective, except that it distorts the proportions of the subject of the image, enlarging the part that is closer to the viewer, and reducing the distant one. Because of this, when applying the position and proportions of different parts of the horse’s body to the drawing, it is so important to use the measurement method described in the section “Proportions and Measure”. You will be amazed at how little space in a shorter run takes some parts of the horse’s body.
What a novice artist must have problems with is the lower part of the leg. However, after careful observation and constant practice early OR late, you will be able to achieve reliable results.
The drawings on this page will help you understand the structure of the lower front leg of the horse. Figure 1 is the right leg, front view. Pay attention to the small angle between the joints of the put and metacarpus and the left leg, of course, it will look a little different. Look at this picture in the mirror).
Compare figures 1 and 3 (side view) with the schematic figures 2 and 4. You will notice that in figure 2 the width of the legs on lines B and C is almost the same, and between them slightly narrows; when viewed from the side, the leg expands closer to the putovy joint.
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