The art of landscape lighting Automatic translate
Lamps and lanterns - not only lighting fixtures, but also an indispensable element of decor for any style of architecture. They play a special role in landscape design.
A play of light, you can place accents on the site, highlighting or, conversely, hiding in the shade of certain places. It is easy to make a mistake in the matter of outdoor lighting, and then instead of the planned effect you get a neon nightmare. To avoid mistakes, you need to follow some rules.
The areas of the site where the presence of continuous high-quality light is important is the entrance and access areas, a playground, a tennis court, a relaxation area. They use continuous lighting, which is created using bright lights. As a rule, mercury, sodium, metal-halogen lamps are used. The size of the light spot directly depends on the height at which the lighting device is located. The higher the lamp, the wider the circle of light from it. Access roads, central paths require the placement of lamps at a height of 5-10 m. For courts and sports grounds, an optimum height of 7-9 m will be optimal. Lawns and adjoining paths can be illuminated from a height of 2-5 m. The peculiarity of such lighting is the visual narrowing of the territory. This must be taken into account when applying it on small areas. Another mistake would be to apply harsh light. It is harmful to the eyes, so the lamps must be equipped with diffusing shades of frosted glass. Metal gratings are also suitable for softening the light. The latest innovation in this direction is a luminaire with an upward column of light. On the path of light there is a screen reflecting the light flux and scattering it around.
Entrances, stairs, turns should be illuminated with the help of "accompanying" lighting. It is provided with medium-power lamps, the height of which is not more than one and a half meters. The main purpose of the accompanying lighting is to make moving around the site in the dark during the day comfortable and safe. You can "accompany" not only people in dangerous parts of the garden in the dark, but also garden figures, fountains. Illumination will allow you to enjoy small architectural forms at night. With the help of fixtures, it is easy to add charm and mystery to such familiar objects as a pool, path, flower garden.
To create a magical and exciting atmosphere on the site, you need to use decorative lighting. It is provided by mini-lamps, the height of which is 0.3-0.5 m, miniature floodlights and special lights for ponds. These devices provide both basic lighting and additional to the “attendant”. Using the directional light of the lanterns, a dense crown of trees can be distinguished, and the mysterious plexus of branches is emphasized. Decorative lighting allows you to place accents in the night version of landscape design, designate garden sculptures, rockeries.
Among the many models of lamps it is not easy to choose the most suitable model. Relying only on personal taste is not enough; you still need to consider the rules and trends. Lamps in which the light source is masked are popular. In the spot of light, only the illuminated element is visible - carved balusters of the porch, a rose bush, a greenhouse wall twined with greenery. Unusual look recessed fixtures, the casing of which is in the ground or in the wall. Another fashionable type of fixtures is spots. They give a very bright circle of light. Novelty of the season - recessed luminaires equipped with reflectors. In them, you can change the angle of rotation, accurately illuminating the desired area.
Classic bronze or brass lamps do not go out of fashion. As a rule, they are styled antique, but there are more modern models in the high-tech style. Also worth paying attention to forged lamps because art forging gives the landscape sophistication and sophistication. Unusually look lighting elements made in the form of large balls. They are placed on a lawn or in a pond where they float on the surface of the water. There are models of lamps that imitate the shape and color of the fire.
Economy models are equipped with a motion sensor that turns the flashlight on and off depending on the time of day. If desired, the settings can be changed by specifying another “reason” for switching on. Thermal sensors, also built into the flashlight, detect the proximity of a person or machine, and automatically turn it on.
The fashion for decorating suburban areas makes you take a fresh look at the trees growing in the garden. An electric garland and a creative approach - and ordinary cherries cannot be recognized in the radiance of magic lights.
To make the lighting of the site look like a single composition, you need to select lamps and lanterns in the same style.