The beginning of the century Automatic translate
The geologist V. A. Obruchev, in 1912-1914, devoted his life to the study of Siberia and the Far East. The expedition to the North Pole was headed by hydrograph G. Ya. Sedov. Scientific discoveries led to the fact that in 1910 the first aircraft were built in Russia. At the beginning of the XX century. the first submarine "Dolphin" was launched. Scientific discoveries and their applied use brought Russia to the level of world powers, strengthened its defenses, which was especially important before the First World War.
Art culture at the turn of the century was also booming. During this period, talented realist writers of the new generation came to the literature: A. I. Kuprin, I. A. Bunin, V. V. Veresaev, L. N. Andreev, N. G. Garin (Mikhailovsky) and others. Each of recreated these writers some of the sides of Russian reality, posed the pressing problems of our time. In their best works, representatives of the younger generation of Russian realists (M. Gorky, D. Poor, A. S. Serafimovich) became heirs to the traditions of Russian classical literature.