Leather furniture: the nuances of manufacturing and selection Automatic translate
Have you ever wondered why genuine leather is so attractive to a person? Most likely, this is “genetic memory”, because our ancestors began to wear clothes made of leather, in the house it was also used, for example, as a blanket or floor covering. Then she was fitted with furniture, made screens, and furniture made in England in the 18th – 19th centuries is still an example to follow.
In addition to “genetic memory”, the attractiveness of the skin lies in its practicality and wear resistance. The skin does not immediately absorb moisture, has the ability to stretch and straighten. If the skin is properly treated, then it will not wither for a long time and will not fade. A leather sofa will serve you much longer than a fabric sofa. And if you remember that the skin does not cause allergies, passes air because of its naturalness, then this is another significant plus in its favor. In addition, the tactile sensations will leave few indifferent. Specialists help us deal with the nuances. furniture workshop "Yasnaya Polyana" .
For upholstery, mainly pig, horse or goat leather is used, but the most common is cow. During processing, the skin is separated into two layers: the lower and upper (facial). The top layer is of higher quality and is used for the manufacture of prestigious furniture. The bottom is used for cheaper models. It is necessary to process the front layer very carefully to maintain a natural look.
Tanning is the stage of processing the skin before painting, so that it does not rub for a long time and does not fade. After tanning, the properties of the skin change, it lends itself perfectly to coloring, acquires smoothness, subtlety and tenderness. Earlier, in ancient times, plants were burned and skin was burned out in this smoke, that is, it was tanned. Now this is done using plant acids or chromium salts. The latter method is cheaper and faster, the period is one day, and when using plant acids it will take about a hundred days. If the skin is a bluish tint, then it was tanned with chromium salts, and brown or yellow with plant substances.
Technologies used for dressing can make the skin multi-colored, with patterns, wrinkled or smooth. For example, from cowhide you can make a semblance of a snake or a crocodile. They also use hot wax treatment. First, they impregnate their skin three times, and only then they dye it. Such skin is mainly used to create retroblocks, as it can be artificially aged.
Photo: Igor Ovsyannykov | Unsplash
Upholstered furniture is decorated with dyed leather: aniline and semi-aniline. Semi-aniline is used to make cheaper furniture, and aniline is processed more delicately and remains natural, but also more fragile. The hallmarks of good skin are quick heating, wrinkles disappear almost immediately.
When choosing a leather sofa, make sure that there are no overlaps and puffs, the seams should be neat, not attract attention, the skin should be free of defects, except for the scars that the animal itself had.
Office furniture should be more wear-resistant, so semi-aniline leather upholstery is suitable, and for home choose products from more expensive aniline leather, you can also take aged leather. If you sat on the couch and felt uncomfortable, then do not rush with the purchase. On models for sleeping, carefully check the folding mechanism.
Do not forget that the natural skin is quite fragile, be careful when using it. Avoid direct sunlight, do not heat, and use only special products for cleaning, in a pinch - a moistened rag. Follow all skin care rules, and your furniture will delight you for many years.