"Icons of Kargopol. Revival" automatic translate
с 28 Ноября
по 17 Февраля
Галерея искусств Зураба Церетели
ул. Пречистенка, 19
A unique exhibition “Icons of Kargopol. Revival "- a joint project of the State Museum Association" Art Culture of the Russian North "(Arkhangelsk), the All-Russian Art Scientific and Restoration Center named after Academician I.E. Grabar and the Russian Academy of Arts. The exhibition continues a series of projects devoted to the Christian culture of the Russian North, the purpose of which is to collect, preserve and present to the wide audience the rarities of the little-known museum funds of Northern Russia. The project will be shown in the jubilee for the VHNRTs them. I.E. Grabar year - 80th anniversary of the creation and timed to the 80th anniversary of the Arkhangelsk region. Most of the works presented in the Museum and Exhibition Complex of the Russian Academy of Arts will be shown for the first time.
The focus of the exhibition is the result of many years of restoration practice and research work in order to preserve the heritage of Kargopol, one of the main artistic centers of the Russian North. Among all the variety of paintings, representing the "northern letters", the art of Kargopol masters occupies a special place. The exhibition shows how the leading restorers of the country together with the staff of the Arkhangelsk Museum from year to year collected, preserved, restored and studied the Kargopol icons. As a result, 150 works of icon painting and wooden plastics of Kargopol ’of the 15th - 19th centuries were prepared for display. The exhibition is built on a chronological basis with the allocation of several thematic complexes: "The oldest icons of Kargopol," "Kargopol masters", "Icons of the village of Oshevenskoe", "Wooden carved icons", "Old Believers icons".
Kargopol in ancient times is a large region located along the course of the Onega River, starting from its source from Lake Lache to the White Sea. According to the modern territorial division, these lands include Kargopol, Onega and part of the Plesetsk district of the Arkhangelsk region. The Onega River, an important northern waterway that opens the way to ancient Zavolochye, attracted Russian settlers in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. The first to the North, to the lower reaches of the Onega River, began to master the Novgorodians, followed by the envoys of the Rostov-Suzdal princes. Posadi sprang up on the river, the most significant of which was Kargopol.
The culture of Kargopolya is diverse and diverse, as well as the amazing nature of this region. Far from large cities, large construction projects and railways, the Kargopol land was able to retain its unique, nostalgic, attractive appearance. Christian monuments are the most famous and significant part of the Kargopol heritage. The flowering of the northern iconography refers to the XVI - XVIII centuries. Kargopol masters are mentioned in documents from the sixteenth century. They worked in various forms of art: wall painting, icon painting, book miniature, carving and painting on wood.
The circle of preserved works of Kargopol masters is quite extensive. In the 1950s-1980s, numerous expeditions to collect ancient monuments were organized in the Kargopol, Onega and Plesetsk districts of the Arkhangelsk region. The most significant of them are the Onega expeditions of the State Central Art and Restoration Workshop under the direction of N.N. Pomerantsev in the period from 1958 to 1971. In difficult expeditionary conditions, the restorers and employees of the Archangel Museum tried to preserve the church heritage of Kargopol. Unfortunately, not everything was saved, much remained only in the photographs.
The collection of the State Museum Association "Art Culture of the Russian North" contains a significant collection of Kargopol icons and wooden sculptures of the 16th - early 20th centuries. It represents the heritage not only of the city of Kargopol, but also of villages and villages located in its vicinity: Oshevenskoe, Saunino, Lyadiny, Arkhangelo. The gem of the exhibition is the icon “The Virgin and Child and the Prophet Elijah” from the Nikolskaya Chapel in the village of Buhalovo on Kenozero, created in the second half of the 15th century. It belonged to the first Orthodox settlers who came to Onega from Veliky Novgorod.
Among the earliest icons is the Deesis tier of the end of the 15th century - the beginning of the 16th century, which was literally saved by the restorers from the Central Memorial Museum from the ruins of the falling Church of St. Nicholas. Astafevo. The icon “Mother of God Odigitriya with St. Basil the Great” of 1527, set “to the worship of all Christians” in the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin of the village of Berezhnaya Dubrava, draws attention to itself. The exact dates and historical inscriptions are very rare on the icons.
The works of the Cargopol carvers are original and rare monuments of medieval art. Masters developed a special type of image of St. Nicholas (Mozhaisky). He became a symbol of the Russian army, especially after the Polish-Lithuanian invasion and the devastation of the region in 1612 - 1614. The wooden sculpture of St. Nicholas was placed in an icon-case with cross-sections, then it was painted. This type of joint work of carvers and icon painters flourished in Kargopol. Carved images stood in many churches and chapels along the Onega River.
Kargopolje is an epic and song edge. It was here that the artists I.Ya. went in search of rare ethnographic types and characteristic northern landscapes with ancient churches. Bilibin and I.E. Grabar The exhibition is complemented by rare species photographs of the twentieth century, with lost temples and church interiors.