The exhibition of Dmitry Moshchevitin (1894–1974) automatic translate
с 20 Декабря
по 27 Января
Национальная художественная галерея «Хазинэ»
Кремль, проезд Шейнкмана, 12, 3-й подъезд
Dmitry Moshchevitin is another pet of the Kazan Art School, for whom the short years spent in our city became decisive in the professional activity that took place in Moscow for over 50 years. D.P. Moshchevitin is known as a graphic artist, a master of book and magazine illustrations, who collaborated with leading Moscow publishing houses and magazines. Today, the graphic works of D.P. Moshchevitina is kept in large Russian museums in Moscow (Tretyakov Gallery, Literary Museum), Kazan, Omsk, Sarapul, Istra, near Moscow, where he settled in his declining years.
Dmitry Pavlovich Moschevitin was born in Sarapul in the family of a workman (brickman-stove setter). Early manifestations of drawing were supported by relatives, and he was sent to Kazan, where in 1911 he entered Kazan art school as a volunteer. The monetary difficulties that did not allow to pay tuition on time, and even more - rude character (he created and exhibited publicly bold caricatures of the school principal), led to the fact that the study had to be abandoned. Two years spent in school, studying in the still-life class with N.I. Feshina allowed Dmitry Moshchevitin’s natural talent to develop and laid the foundation for self-improvement, which became the key to professional growth in the future. The epoch of modern style determined the aesthetic preferences of the artist for many years - he always had a love of graphics, refined linearity, ornament, and stylization.
The years of the First World War and the revolutionary upheavals in Russia became for the artist a time of severe trials and wanderings across the vast territories of the country: Sarapul, Agryz, Miass, Zlatoust, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Novonikolaevsk. Recognized for health reasons unfit for military service, he worked on the construction of the railway, carried out posters and cartoons for newspapers, ran art studios in various cities of Siberia, the Urals and the Volga region, organized exhibitions and participated in them himself. His brief visits to Kazan during these years turned out to be very significant and fruitful in their artistic results. In 1918, Moshchevitin took part in the organization of the first Kazan artistic association, the Sunflower Union, which brought together young avant-garde-minded artistic forces of Kazan. In 1921, Moshchevitin joined the graphic team “The Horseman” (who most systematically realized his avant-garde aspirations in engraving), worked as an artist-decorator in the First Workers Theater of Kazan (whose history has yet to be restored).
Since 1922, Moshchevitin settled in Moscow and began to cooperate with the large Moscow magazines Projector, Krasnaya Nov, MOPR, with the major publishing houses Tsentrosoyuz, Pravda, Rabochaya Gazeta, and others, especially with Publisher G. F. Mirimanov, published children’s illustrated books. The drawings of Moshchevitin on various themes have joined the stream of graphic production of young Soviet art, which was focused on educating the new man, on reflecting changes in the life of the country. The publishing routine defined by the state order did not always give the artist the opportunity to follow his creative aspirations. In the 1930-1940s, he often worked at the table. Only in the post-Soviet time, thanks to the efforts of the artist’s daughter Nadezhda Moschevitina, some of these series were published: “The Tale of the Dead Princess” by A. S. Pushkin (1996), “The Tale of the Fisherman and the Fish” by A. S. Pushkin (1998), O. Wilde "The Ballad of Reading Prison" (2011). Series of illustrations to the works of M.Yu. Lermontov, B. Brecht and others are still waiting in the wings.
At the personal exhibition of D.P. Moshchevitina, which is held in Kazan for the first time, presents more than 80 graphic works from the collection of the State Museum of Fine Arts of the Republic of Tatarstan and the archive of the master’s family, reflecting different periods of creativity and variety of genres and themes that the artist developed. Books, designed by D.P. Moshchevitin in the 1920s for Moscow publishing houses, provided for the exposition of the Scientific Library. N.I. Lobic K (P) FU. The exhibition will reveal another hypostasis of Dmitry Moshchevitin - his acting talent, which in the 1920s was embodied in several films shot by director A. D. Popov (another student of the Kazan Art School). Visitors to the exhibition will have the opportunity to watch the film “Big Trouble” of 1929, where D.P. Moshchevitin played one of the roles.