How to learn to draw architectural structures Automatic translate
Measure in Figure
Hold the pencil upright in an outstretched hand (left) so that your thumb is at the top of the pencil. Align the tip of the pencil with the top edge of the item you want to measure, and move the thumbnail to its bottom edge. Without lifting your thumb, attach a pencil to the paper and transfer the measured length to it.
Accurately conveying on paper what you see in front of you is one of the most difficult tasks. To facilitate this task you will help a few simple tricks.
Try to correctly evaluate the size of removed items. Check the accuracy of your measurements. This is easy to do from where you are standing with your hand, ruler or pencil.
The width of objects can be measured by holding a pencil horizontally; tilt the pencil when you need to check the angle of the oblique lines.
Vertical and horizontal
To achieve the accuracy of the picture and the correct proportions, you can draw a grid on which and then place all the elements included in the subject of the image.
First measure the top and bottom of the item and both sides of it, and then add other verticals and horizontals.
Start with a thin horizontal line drawn through the middle of the sheet of paper at eye level. Then draw a vertical line. These lines will become central in your grid; use them as reference points when you begin to draw the subject itself.
Gradually complicate your drawing. First add other critical verticals and horizontals, such as doors and windows; then move on to the finer details.
The role of form in drawing
A novice draftsman can be confused and frightened by the complexity of the building. You may find that the finished drawing does not look accurate and the building depicted on it does not resemble itself. In this case, it is useful to remember that every building consists of various geometric shapes, and between them there are different spatial relationships. And when you learn to see these forms and their interconnections, your observation will improve, and with it your progress in drawing.
Having reduced the building to a silhouette, you can not be distracted by the details of the surface. This silhouette (on the right) can be decomposed into a large square and two rectangles. Now compare it with the finished building, placed below. Other sketches are provided here to help you understand how you can work with parts. Compare each of them with the finished drawing.
“Dissect” as many different buildings as possible. Try to apply shapes such as circles and triangles, squares and rectangles. You can draw from life or from a photograph. After some time, your eye will be trained and you will be able to accurately depict the building, no longer folding it into the main forms.
So, you already know how to “dissect” the silhouette of the house into flat shapes. Now take one more step and learn how to break any building into simple and easy-to-image geometric shapes.
Learn to draw basic geometric shapes. Cubes, cuboids (cubes with unequal faces), tubes or cylinders, prisms and pyramids are most useful to you. The next section on the perspective describes how to draw them from various points. Having learned how to sketch the building using simple shapes, go on to display the hemisphere as the basis for the image of the dome of the cathedral.
When you learn to confidently draw simple geometric shapes, you can use them to create a complete picture of the building. Taking a single shape as a basis, you can add other geometric shapes to it until you have the outline of your subject image. After that, you can go to the details.
Далее Space and perspective
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