"World of Art" Automatic translate
The World of Art group (1898-1924) was an art center united around a magazine of the same name. The largest art figure S.P. Diaghilev from 1898 began to organize exhibitions of artists who opposed the academic routine (academism) and the tendentiousness of the Wanderers. These exhibitions have carried out a profound revolution in the aesthetic views of contemporaries. The most prominent artists of the “World of Art” include A. Benois, E. E. Lansere, K. A. Somov, L. S. Bakst.
They proceeded from the ideas of the unlimited freedom of the creative person and art, asserting apoliticality and putting forward the slogans of "pure artistry", as well as the "transformation" of life by art. The "World of Art" was based on the ideological and worldview foundation of aesthetics. Miriskusniki relied on the poetics of symbolism, often in their work went into the world of the past, grotesque and semi-telling images. Refined decorativeness, stylization, and elegant ornamentalism are characteristic of their paintings and graphics. The merit of these artists was the creation of highly artistic book graphics, prints and theatrical scenery.
The artists of the “Blue Rose” association were also close to symbolism: N.P. Krymov, N.N. Sapunov, M.S. Saryan and others.
In contrast to the “World of Art”, in 1903 the Union of Russian Artists was established, which did not oppose the Wanderers, defending the rights of a national theme in contrast to the “Westernist” motifs of the “World of Art”.
At the turn of 1910-1911. a new art association appeared - Jack of Diamonds, which included N.N. Konchalovsky, M.F. Larionov, A. V. Lentulov, R. R. Falk. It was a futuristic direction in painting. Russian abstractionism went down in history with the names of K.S. Malevich and V.V. Kandinsky. The representative of expressionism in Russia was M.Z. Chagall. These movements and artists are united by the concept of Russian avant-garde.
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The main trends of Russian Art Nouveau architecture were reflected in the work of F.O. Shekhtel (the building of the Art Theater, Ryabushinsky’s mansion, Yaroslavsky Station in Moscow). But at the turn of the century, the neo-Russian style also flourished. In this style, A. V. Shchusev built the building of the Kazan Station in Moscow, and V. M. Vasnetsov - the Tretyakov Gallery. In St. Petersburg in a classical Empire F. Lidval creates his architectural structures.
Characteristic features of the Art Nouveau style in his work is his appeal to ornamental, rhythmically sophisticated solutions (the Princess Dreams panel on the facade of the Metropol Hotel in Moscow). Cross-cutting for M.A. Vrubel is the image of the Demon - a heroic person, rejected and lonely. In his work, fantasy is always closely connected with reality. In his paintings, the artist, as it were, deified people and humanized the gods.
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