Russian painting dishes Automatic translate
On the sparkling lacquer surface of the tray, you can draw almost everything, even portraits. The same trays are never found, because the free manner of writing makes it possible to dream up. This is the basic principle of Zhostovo painting.
Zhostovo. Painting on metal.
And now, how is such a masterpiece created. Transparent oil paint outlines the main spots of the composition, that is, hides. Next, a shadow is performed - dimming on one side of the color spot. After that, a smear is put with a brush, then another smear from the edge of the petal to the center. The most consecrated places are highlighted. Layer by layer, volume is created. But that’s not all. It is necessary to express the dark places brighter. Thin lines outline the contours of flowers, making them more expressive. If this is a composition with flowers, you can add more leaves. Then the tray is dried and varnished. But this did not end there! It is necessary to decorate the sides of the tray with such a golden stripe. Masters call it cleaning.
Everything, finally, the tray is ready! Very beautiful! Something like the famous trays in Zhostovo .
Many who come to Russia buy folk souvenirs, such as nesting dolls. Previously, the majority of wooden products were made by rural hardworkers. One of the traditional types of painting on wood is Khokhloma.
In Russia, for many centuries they used wooden utensils. It was customary to eat from wooden utensils, which were skillfully carved and painted, such products were given decoration, decorated with ornaments of plants and animals. Entire villages were busy.
When did you find time to make wooden dishes?
With the onset of winter, when there was little domestic work, the villagers engaged in such a craft. Several centuries ago, people made good profits by producing such products. There was a time when in one year the population of one city produced nearly two million wooden spoons, dishes, bowls, and cups.
Not far from Nizhny Novgorod, villagers have invented a way to give painted products gold color and harden products. Invented paints and varnishes that were heat resistant. When the product was ready they were tempered in the oven. Silver dishes acquired a golden hue due to the high temperature. And today this technology is used in factories where such products are made.
Images in Khokhloma painting
Usually these are images of birds and fish, forests and meadows, as well as other images of Russian nature. Usually in the drawings you can see grass patterns, where delicate curls and leaves are combined with different types of berries. The colors that are characteristic of the painting are red, black, green and gold. In many countries of the world, products decorated with paintings adorn the tables of many families.