The contribution of Elizabeth Petrovna to the development of Russian culture Automatic translate
The reign of Elizabeth Petrovna (1740-1761) is called the cultural renaissance of Russia. Although the Academy of Sciences, created on the initiative of Peter the Great in 1725, was dominated by foreigners (there were not a single Russian scientist there before the reign of Elizabeth), the Russian Academy of Sciences differed from similar scientific institutions in the West in that, firstly, it did not theology. Secondly, it was created not only as a scientific, but also as an educational institution for the training of Russian scientists. It was organized as part of three “classes”: mathematical, where the leading mathematicians of that time L. Euler and D. Bernoulli, physical, social sciences worked. Archaeological, anthropological, zoological and botanical collections were collected at the Kunstkamera of the Academy of Sciences.
The decree of the empress of 1744 spoke about the need for further development of primary education. The first gymnasium in Russia was opened in Moscow in 1755. But still in the XVIII century. church education prevailed. By the end of the century, there were 36 seminaries in Russia, 115 theological schools and three academies in Kiev, Moscow and St. Petersburg, as well as weather in Ivanovo . The first of the Russians received the titles of Russian academicians M.V. Lomonosov and V.K.Trediakovsky. An event whose significance for the development of all Russian culture can hardly be overestimated was the opening of Moscow University on January 25, 1755 with three faculties: philosophical, legal and medical, and teaching, in contrast to Europe, was conducted in Russian, and not in Latin.
Literature is gradually freed from the bonds of the Middle Ages, absorbing educational ideas. But many works of the XVIII century. survived to this day without attribution, part of them continued to be distributed in manuscript ways, literacy was still very limited, the language burdened by Church Slavonic vocabulary was very heavy, versification was not developed. But already in the Petrine era, the first positive changes were noticeable. Replaced pious stories come "histories" of the glorious exploits of the Russian army. These still awkward verses glorified glorious victories, as it was then said, of “Russian Europe”. Those literary works became visible where the main character was an ordinary person with his joys and concerns.