"Matvey Kazakov and Moscow before fire" automatic translate
с 5 Декабря
по 10 Марта
Государственный музей архитектуры имени А.В. Щусева
ул. Воздвиженка, д.5/25
State Museum of Architecture named after A.V. Shchusev presents an exhibition project for the 280th anniversary of the birth of the great Moscow architect Matvey Fyodorovich Kazakov (1738 - 1812). The exhibition “Matvey Kazakov and Moscow before fire” will be the first retrospective of the architect’s work in recent decades.
Matvey Kazakov is an outstanding Russian architect, one of the founders of Russian classicism and the most famous representative of Russian pseudo-gothic. While studying in the architectural school of Dmitry Ukhtomsky, he learned the basics of architecture from the treatises of Vitruvius, Palladio and Vignola. Cossacks absorbed the love of the old Russian architecture. He honed his talent by hard work and deep study of the works of his predecessors. Thus, the characteristic feature of Kazakov’s creative style was formed - a combination of classical and ancient Russian architecture. First, working under Vasily Bazhenov in the Expedition of the Kremlin building, by 1786 Kazakov headed the Expedition and in fact became the leading architect of Moscow, presenting the Senate building in the Kremlin, the new building of Moscow University, the House of Noble Assembly, the Golitsyn and Pavlovsk hospitals, the Petrovsky Palace, homestead Demidov, Gubin and Baryshnikov, and many other facilities, firmly included in the list of architectural sights of Moscow.
Original author’s projects, architectural graphics, engravings and a series of drawings by Kazakov, three-dimensional models of the most significant buildings - many materials will be presented to the public for the first time. Especially valuable exhibits will be the famous Kazakov Albums stored at the Museum of Architecture. Six of them - with drawings of private buildings and seven - with public ones - were created under the guidance of the architect within and are a true encyclopedia of the architecture of pre-fire Moscow at the turn of the XVIII-XIX centuries.
Architectural graphics and watercolors of Kazakov’s contemporaries constitute the richest material on the history of many public and residential buildings in the city of the second half of the 18th century. Pre-fire views of the city will allow today, at the beginning of the XXI century, to visually restore the appearance of the long-gone, “Cossack” Moscow. Visitors will see how “Gothic” and “Russian” trends have come into fashion in the strict era of classical architecture, and thanks to authentic pieces of decorative and applied art and furniture of that time, they will be able to feel the spirit of Moscow’s life of the nineteenth century.
The exposition will be based on works from the funds of the State Museum of Architecture named after A.V. Schuseva, as well as graphic materials from the funds of the State Historical Museum, the State Museum of Fine Arts named after A.S. Pushkin, the State Hermitage Museum, the State Russian Museum, the Research Museum of the Russian Academy of Arts, the All-Russian Museum of A.S. Pushkin, the Russian State Historical Archive and the Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts.
In honor of the 280th anniversary of the architect, the Museum will issue a catalog including articles by leading researchers in the field of history and art history, where most of the creative graphic heritage of Matvey Kazakov will be presented.