"Paris Evenings" by Baroness Oettingen: Rousseau, Modigliani, Apollinaire, Survage, Fera, automatic translate
с 25 Сентября
по 13 Января
Галерея искусства стран Европы и Америки XIX–XX веков
ул. Волхонка, 14
The Pushkin Museum. A.S. Pushkin presents the exhibition "Paris Evenings" by Baroness Oettingen. Rousseau, Modigliani, Apollinaire, Survage, Fera ", which tells about the salon of the Baroness Helen Oettingen and the artistic life of Paris in the heyday of the avant-garde. The exhibition will feature previously unknown documents and materials from a private archive of the French heirs of the Baroness - the Rousseau family - along with works from the largest French museums of twentieth-century art, the National Center for Art and Culture Georges Pompidou, the Museum of Contemporary Art in Paris, and the Ateneum Art Museum (Helsinki), the Museum of Petit Palais (Geneva) and the National Library of France. The audience will see about 30 paintings, up to fifty drawings, unique archival materials, works of applied art and design. The exhibition is organized with the support of Mastercard.
The central theme of the exhibition will be the salon of the Baroness Ettingen - one of the key points on the art map of Paris of the beginning of the 20th century, a meeting place for innovators in art - artists, writers, critics and musicians. The born Polish aristocrat Elena Mionchinskaya, in the marriage of Baroness Oettingen, arrived in Paris with her cousin, talented artist Sergei Yastrebtsov, who in 1910 adopted the pseudonym of Serge Fear. The passion for new art, the intensity of creative energy, constant vivid initiatives, often taking the form of romantic ties, made Baroness Oettingen and Serge Fehr one of the main figures of the creative life of that time.
Their apartments on Raspay Boulevard in Montparnasse, decorated with African sculpture (Ettingen and Fera were among the first to appreciate these unusual collectibles), were attractive to talents who worked in all kinds of art. Over the years Baroness Oettingen and Serge Fera managed to give impetus to dozens of avant-garde projects and participate in them on an equal footing: in their "inner circle" were Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Henri Matisse, Andre Derain, Cubists of the Golden Section and Italian futurists, masters The Paris School, the poets Guillaume Apollinaire and Jean Cocteau. It was Ettingen and Fera who were among the first to discover the artist Henri Rousseau and began to collect his paintings.
A separate part of the exhibition is devoted to Ettingen and Fehr in the role of avant-garde patrons. In the 1910s, the baroness met and exchanged ideas with Jean Metsenje, Robert Delone, Fernand Leger, Francis Picabia, mutually enriching each other’s artistic methods. The compositions of Serge Fehr himself, in terms of his expression, are not inferior to the textbook examples of cubism. Beloved Baroness, an artist from Finland Leopold Survage, became one of the pioneers of abstract art.
A special section of the exposition will tell about writers. Poets and writers enjoyed a special disposition of the Baroness. In her house there were verses by Apollinaire, Cocteau, Max Jacob, André Salmon. Legendary was the magazine "Paris Evenings" (Soirées de Paris), which Ettingen and Fehr in 1913 "gave" to his friend Guillaume Apollinaire. The publication printed avant-garde poets and published articles about the most interesting artists.
1917 was the time of innovative theater projects in Paris. Along with the "Parade" in the scenery of Picasso, this breakthrough was also the play by Apollinaire "The Breasts of Tiresias", which was called by the authors "surrealist" by Serge Apra, which was the first time that this famous word was sounded.
The revolution in Russia deprived Ettingen and Fehr of income, turned them from generous philanthropists into tireless authors of all new creative initiatives. The Baroness wrote poems and published, communicated and collaborated with the musicians of the famous French "Sixes" and artists of the Paris School. Her experiences of the 1920s in fashion and design, imbued with Art Deco aesthetics, resonate with the works of the famous contemporary of Sonya Delaunay. In turn, Serge Fehr in the interwar twentieth anniversary became famous for his theatrical projects and philosophical compositions with harlequins, which Cocteau was inspired admiringly. Having lived to an advanced age, Fera remained the custodian of the memory of the times when the avant-garde was being formed, carefully preserving the archive of Baroness Oettingen.
Sylvie Buisson, curator of the exhibition (Paris):
Thanks to the selection of works, the exhibition reflects a new spirit inspired by the "Paris Evenings". This spirit determined the trend of the artistic life of Montmartre and Montparnasse and carried away all the artistic youth of the world that came from Europe (Italy, Spain), America, and also from the East. It is from this constant movement of enthusiastic critics that Cubism, Orphism, Futurism, Dadaism and surrealism - avant-garde movements are born, which strengthen the status of Paris as the world capital of the arts.
Alexei Petukhov, curator of the exhibition, senior research fellow of the art department of Europe and America of the XIX-XX centuries:
We set ourselves the task at this exhibition to recreate the lively and rich atmosphere of the Parisian life of the Baroness Ettingen of the 1900s - 1950s. The heroine’s biography comes to the fore here. The study of her life is no less important than the study of images and symbols in art. Baroness Oettingen performed not only in the role of music artists, but also was a co-author, organized exhibitions, bought works. On the example of this extraordinary and very bright personality one can see the process of emancipation in the beginning of the 20th century, the personal search for freedom and the liberation of art.
Marina Loshak, director of the Pushkin Museum. A.S. Pushkin:
Exhibition "Paris Evenings" by Baroness Oettingen. Rousseau, Modigliani, Apollinaire, Survage, Fera "- the second project in the exhibition season, which we called for ourselves" in the autumn of Picasso. " Picasso is one of the heroes of the exhibition. However, the central place here belongs to Baroness Oettingen, a unique woman who managed to concentrate around herself the entire color of the Paris avant-garde of the early XX century. This is an extraordinary luck for the museum to get an opportunity to show the archive of the Baroness, which was never exhibited before, and tell the general public the enigmatic and uncommon history of her life.
The educational program for the exhibition consists of two parts. One of them will be held within the framework of the large-scale educational cycle "Autumn of Picasso", which unites three projects - the exhibition "Anatomy of Cubism", "Paris Evenings" by Baroness Oettingen. Rousseau, Modigliani, Apollinaire, Survage, Fera "and" Picasso & Khokhlov. " Another - includes the author’s program of lectures, compiled by the curator of the exhibition Alexei Petukhov. Also, specifically for the exhibition department of inclusive programs of the Pushkin Museum. A.S. Pushkin prepared a series of events for people with special needs.