"A wreath for Flora" Automatic translate
с 18 Марта
по 2 Мая
Калужский музей изобразительных искусств
ул. Ленина, 104
Since ancient times, people have decorated public buildings and their homes with fresh flowers or their images made in various materials. In the minds of people of those distant times, the gods ruled over all life on Earth, including the life of plants. The pantheon of ancient Roman gods included the goddess of early flowering Flora. Her name has become a household name for determining the community of plants in specific territories.
Still life is rightfully considered a genre of artistic experiment. Each artistic movement brought its own characteristics to it. For example, the Impressionists tried to convey the general impression of what they saw. At the end of the 19th century, post-impressionist works appeared, who emphasized the freshness of the first impression, used special methods of conveying color and shades, and tried to return matter to its objectivity.
In Russia, still life appeared at the beginning of the 18th century. In the traditions of academism, still life was considered a "low" genre, in contrast to the "high" - a historical and mythological painting. The heyday of Russian still life came at the beginning of the 20th century, equaling it in importance with other genres. Still life has come a long way from impressionism to abstract form creation. Artists have enriched it with new themes, images, artistic techniques. In their works, they skillfully combined the features of the landscape genre with still life, placing flowers on a windowsill, a terrace, a table in the middle of a garden or park.
In Soviet times, the still life, which developed in line with the art of socialist realism, reflected the features of the modern era. In the 1920s - 1930s, still life also includes a philosophical understanding of modernity. Artists experimented in the field of color and texture, recreated in their works the colorful richness and diversity of the objective world, the world of flowers and plants. In the 1960s and 1970s, nonconformists turn to the traditions of the Enlightenment and contrast the intellectual approach to artistic activity with the romantic and emotional.
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