Exhibition "Place under the sun. Benkov / Feshin" automatic translate
с 5 Июня
по 24 Сентября
Музей русского импрессионизма
Ленинградский проспект, д. 15, стр. 11
June 5, 2019 in the Museum of Russian Impressionism opens the exhibition “Place under the sun. Benkov / Feshin ". After more than 90 years, the works of talented artists and friends, whose life on “before” and “after” has been permanently divided by emigration, will again be presented together.
After the civil war, the experienced upheavals, diseases, famine and total insecurity, Pavel Benkov and Nikolay Feshin searched for their place in the sun, where they could create freely. Feshin emigrated to the United States, and Benkov, who remained at home, settled in Uzbekistan. The new exhibition will tell you how the fate of artists has developed after a difficult choice: to leave or stay. Whose decision was right - the viewer will have to determine himself.
At the new exhibition at the Museum of Russian Impressionism, the East will meet with the West. The spring acacias of Samarkand will be close to the noisy waves of the Californian coast. The eastern bazaars and minarets of old Bukhara are next to rich still lifes and genre scenes in New York apartments. The traditional way of the Uzbeks against the background of houses with drinking water and urban canal channels is next to the contrasting, colorful life of the American Indians.
The State Tretyakov Gallery, the State Museum of Fine Arts of the Republic of Tatarstan, the State Museum of Oriental Art, the Museum of the Russian Academy of Arts (NIMRAH), the Kozmodemyansky Cultural and Historical Museum Complex take part in the project. As well as 10 private collectors. The exhibition will be released catalog "Place under the sun. Benkov / Feshin ”with an overview of the creative work of artists, scientific articles by art historians and historians. And the project itself will open several months before the anniversary of Pavel Benkov - the 140th anniversary of his birth.
Pavel Benkov (1879–1949) and Nikolai Feshin (1881–1955) begin the path in art side by side. Two talented students meet in 1901 at the Kazan Art School. They become friends and go to enter the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. Nikolai Feshin gets into the crowded and incredibly popular workshop of Ilya Repin. And Pavel Benkov - in the studio of Dmitry Kardovsky, a student of Repin. For heightened attention to color, Benkov receives the nickname “Titian” from students. When the opportunity arises, he goes on holidays to Europe, studying in Paris at the Academy of Julien.
Having graduated from the Academy with a medal, Nikolay Feshin also visits France, Germany, Italy and Austria. His works participate in exhibitions in Munich, Rome, Amsterdam, Venice, New York and San Francisco. At the 1910 exhibition in Pittsburgh, the works of Feshin hang next to the paintings of Claude Monet, Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro, Alfred Sisley. But even in this company, the skill of the Russian artist is celebrated by the public, critics, and American collectors.
After studying at the Academy of Arts, Benkov and Feshin return to Kazan, they are taught in the school, which they graduated from. Unusually contrasting pair: a noble, closed Feshin and the soul of any company - Benkov. They are constantly compared to cause rivalry. Even students who adore their teachers are divided into “Benkovtsy” and “Feshinists”.
Revolution and civil war turn the usual life. The school turns off the heating. Fechin and his students work in coats, felt boots and mittens. Get paint and canvas in a hungry, captured by the epidemics of Kazan is almost impossible. Meanwhile, Pavel Benkov goes to Irkutsk with the retreating white troops. He also finds a terrible famine, devastation, lack of money. Works in Irkutsk and Omsk as a theater artist. After the coming to power of the red enters the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia, he travels a lot around the country and returns to Kazan again, writes revolutionary plots. The artists, as well as the entire Russian intelligentsia, are confronted with a global question: “Leave or stay?”. The paths of Pavel Benkov and Nikolay Feshin diverge.
In 1923, the Feshin family arrived in the States. Here they are waiting for him. One after another in Chicago and New York opening solo exhibitions. Patrons-collectors buy paintings directly from the easel, make orders, present Feshin to famous art dealers and museum directors. He falls into the epicenter of the emigre artistic life of New York. It would seem that after the hardships of war comes a long-awaited prosperous life. But Feshin has tuberculosis...
Repressions of relatives of the wife, death of the son from the first marriage and dissatisfaction with creativity pursue Pavel Benkov in the homeland. In 1928 he visited Bukhara for the first time, and a year later he moved to Uzbekistan forever. The South Asian sun and local flavor give strength and inspiration.
Due to his illness, Nikolay Feshin is forced to leave New York in search of a more suitable climate. New home is a small, lost in the mountains, the town of Taos in the state of New Mexico. Against the backdrop of a grandiose nature, everything is mixed here: the traditions of the Indians, Spaniards, Mexicans, Americans and European immigrants, the provincial dimension and the turbulent flow of life of a colorful artistic colony. The unusually fruitful period in the life of Feshin again turns into a tragedy: his beloved wife filed for divorce.
In Samarkand, Pavel Benkov finds the Great Patriotic. Sergey Gerasimov, Igor Grabar, Robert Falk, Vladimir Favorsky come to the evacuation with the students of art schools. Benkov works alongside them. He does not write battle canvases, but takes an active part in the creation of campaign posters.
Nikolai Feshin again looking for a place under the sun - with his daughter, he moved to California, in Los Angeles. Collaboration begins with the gallery Stendal, he goes on a trip to Mexico, Japan, returns to work with students in his own studio in Santa Monica.
For 20 years, Pavel Benkov has turned into a local legend in Samarkand: an overweight “master” with a cane, driving around the city in a tarantass. He buys canvases for students with his own money, because of a sore heart, he hardly goes into the open air - he is carried out in a chair writing quiet Samarkand courtyards. January 16, 1949, in the 70th year of life, after a long illness, Benkov dies. His contribution to the art of Uzbekistan and Central Asia was appreciated: the name of Pavel Benkov for a long time was carried by the Samarkand Art School and the street on which the master lived.
Nikolai Feshin dies in a dream on October 5, 1955, just a month before his 75th birthday, in Santa Monica. After 21 years, his remains will be reburied in Kazan, his homeland. In the town of Taos to this day is the museum of Nikolai Feshin, in the house that the artist built himself during one of the happiest and most fruitful periods in his life.
The difficult, dramatic fate of Pavel Benkov and Nikolai Feshin were full of tragic twists and turns of creativity. The search for a place in the sun, which ended for Feshin with emigration, and for Benkov, with the move, presented the artists with new themes and a new pictorial flavor. But these searches, along with it, became the reason for the long and long journey of Nikolai Feshin and Pavel Benkov to the Russian audience. And if the return of Feshin took place back in the 70s, then Benkov was only in our days.