Russian culture during the Khrushchev thaw Automatic translate
The “thaw” period ended with the suppression of the “Prague Spring” in 1968, when the combined forces of the Warsaw Treaty Organization (ATS) made it clear to the entire socialist camp that a rejection of the totalitarian socialist model was impossible. The era of stagnation, or "stagnation," has come.
At that time, officially banned art books and politics (this phenomenon is called "samizdat"). In the 1960s and 1980s Soviet literature included many talented prose writers (V.G. Rasputin, V.P. Astafiev, F.A. Abramov, V.M. Shukshin, Yu.V. Trifonov, V. S. Makanin, L. S. Petrushevskaya and etc.), genre trends such as “village prose”, “city prose”, military prose, historical prose, and also the so-called “other” prose arose.
After the October Revolution, the Proletcult was created - the Union of proletarian cultural and educational organizations, which set out to create a special proletarian culture on the basis of denying the heritage of the past. The revolutionary genre began to take shape. Since proletarian art required efficiency (especially during the Civil War), simplicity and clarity, graphics and a poster genre predominated in it. The most famous poster artist was D. S. Moor, G.S.Vereisky, I.I. Brodsky, A.P. Ostroumov-Lebedev worked in the schedule. Realizing the importance of propaganda work, the Bolsheviks already in November 1917 organized an art department, whose immediate responsibility was to help artists and poets in need.
In the early post-revolutionary years, quite violent processes took place in painting, besides realism, there were a lot of modernist trends: cubofuturism, cubism, luchism, suprematism, etc. The period of NEP (1921-1929), due to the weakening of censorship, turned into one of the most remarkable periods in the development of Soviet avant-garde painting. One of the theorists and practitioners of Suprematism as a variety of abstract art was K.S. Malevich. However, in the 1930s. he returns to visualization and turns to Soviet themes (“Gallops red cavalry”, “Girl with a red pole”). Cubism, whose influence in Soviet art can be traced back to the 1960s, is represented by the paintings of cubo-futurist V.E. Tatlin (then the artist turned to constructivism). From formal experiments with material (wood, metal, glass) in the 1920s. VE Tatlin switched to artistic design (ornithopter "Letatlin"). The most famous artists of this period include M.S.Saryan, A.V. Lentulov, R.R. Falk.
Text writer: M.V.Sokolova