"Painting the tank. Meditation and philosophy of the East". Exhibition of works by Nikolai Dudko automatic translate
с 12 по 31 Июля
Галерея искусств Зураба Церетели
ул. Пречистенка, 19
An exhibition of works by Nikolai Dudko, a member of the Union of Artists of Russia, opens at the Museum and Exhibition Complex of the Russian Academy of Arts. The exhibition presents more than four dozen works of the artist, continuing the art of traditional Buddhist painting "tank."
In Russia today there are several masters of this unique and ancient painting, whose works can be found in Buddhist temples, datsans, as well as in private and museum collections. The most famous of them - tank performer, philosopher and popularizer of Buddhist culture - Nikolai Dudko. Being inextricably linked with meditative practice and religious experience, the tank requires some knowledge and prior training. Therefore, during the exhibition, the artist will hold for the audience a series of master classes and meetings dedicated to showing the techniques of various pictorial techniques of the tank, as well as the basics of meditation and philosophy of the East.
Before the fascination with Buddhist art, Dudko was seriously engaged in painting. In 1982 he graduated from the art-graphic department of the Ulan-Ude Pedagogical School. For some time he lived in Ukraine, he studied at the Kiev Art Institute. However, realistic painting did not attract the artist. The desire to find a different path in art led him back to Buryatia in 1986. An important role in the life of Nikolai Dudko was played by acquaintance with the lama of the Ivolginsky datsan Darma-Dodi, the prior of the Tsugolsky datsan Zhimba-Zhamso Tsybenov and especially with Chogyal Namkhai Norbu, who became the spiritual teacher of the artist. Faced with the complex world of Buddhist symbols and images of iconographic painting, Dudko turns to the few living masters of Buryatia who have kept the secrets of traditional art. Trips to Mongolia and Nepal from 1990 to 1995 deepened their knowledge of the technique of religious painting. In less than two years of study (1995-1997) at the Library of Tibetan Manuscripts and Archives (LTWA) in the city of Dharamsala (India), he passed a five-year course from the personal artist of Dalai Lama XIV, Rev. Sangay Yeshe. The result was a diploma artist tank Tibetan style "Menri" with the right to teach.
The manufacture of a tank is a complex and lengthy process that requires knowledge, special skills, accuracy and strict sequence of actions. Before starting to draw a deity, the artist reads the appropriate prayers, plunging into deep contemplation. Painting is performed on silk or cotton canvas, covered with a special primer, which consists of chalk or white clay. Paints are natural minerals crushed to a powder and mixed with a bonding base, such as cinnabar, lapis lazuli, malachite. The process of writing the icon involves several stages: the creation of a pencil sketch, toning, drawing contours and the use of gold. The last and most crucial step in the image of the deity is the face image. Particular attention is paid to the eyes: they make the image "alive." After completion of the work, the tank is sewn into a special brocade frame and consecrated by a high ecclesiastic. For the most significant icons on the back are inscriptions - mantra-invoking, or praise to the deity.
In antiquity, the sacred images of a tank (translated from Tibetan as a scroll), printed on a piece of cloth, were carried in dozens and hundreds by wandering monks from the monastery to the monastery. The purpose of such transportation was to assist in mastering the basic provisions of the Buddhist teachings and establishing a connection between the believer and the prototype of the Enlightened One, depicted on a scroll. In the painting of the tank there is not a single random detail, therefore, following the canon is considered as important. Dudko wrote the way the icon painters of the Men-ri Tibetan school wrote for centuries (Men is the name of the founder of the school, the figure is). He uses traditional materials - it is linen or cotton fabric, and sometimes, for particularly important images, silk. The fabric is stretched onto a wooden frame, then primed with a special paste made from animal glue and mixed with chalk powder. When the paste dries, the surface is carefully polished on both sides. Because of this, the tank can be twisted and unwound without any harm to the paint layer. Then a drawing is applied with ink, and only then paints are mixed by hand with animal glue and bile, which gives greater brightness and purity of color. The palette of canonical Buddhist painting consists of five colors: yellow, blue, red, green, white. Each color carries its own symbolism. Red is a symbol of power, blue is space, white is purity, yellow is abundance, green is creative energy. These are the elements that form the universe. From the combination of these primary colors, Buddhist artists manage to get up to twenty-five shades. On the combination of these colors and shades, Dudko achieves a palette of 85 shades, where each tone also carries its own composite symbolism. The artist works in all varieties of the tank: a full-color tank, made in all five colors, including gold; tank “martan” - gold pattern on a red background (canvas primed with vermilion), “nagtan” - gold pattern on a black background; “Sertan” is a drawing on gold (a unique technique that not every artist is allowed to use, because gold is a special, precious offering to the Buddhas); Tank on silk: on a thin material, usually of a yellow shade, first drawing is done with ink and then covered with paints. The creation of multi-figured compositions from the artist takes up to one and a half years.