Cubism Automatic translate
The name of one of the main directions of modernism in painting - cubism - comes from the word cube (cube). This trend arose at the beginning of the twentieth century and highlighted the task of forming a three-dimensional image on a plane with full minimization of the pictorial function of painting.
Initially, the term “cubists” was used by one of the French critics, L. Vosel, as the mocking nickname of one of the groups of artists who depicted objects and characters in their paintings as a combination of geometric shapes. Cubism at the very beginning of its existence was simply an experiment of several French painters, undertaken under the influence of the works of Paul Cezanne, the art of primitive forms and African sculpture.
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Then, in 1907, the company became acquainted with Pablo Picasso’s new painting, Avignon Girls. The figures depicted on this canvas are severely deformed, roughened, completely devoid of all elements of perspective and chiaroscuro, and are strange grotesque combinations of geometric volumes spread out along the plane.
A year later, in 1908, a creative group called “Batolavoir” was formed in the capital of France, which included Picasso, Gris, Braque, where the basic principles and philosophy of cubism develop and then develop. This trend was a challenge to bourgeois culture, the standard-beautiful salon art, the traditions of the realism of the Renaissance, the nebula of symbolism and the fragility of impressionism.
Decorativeness, however, takes its toll, and paintings by Cubist artists from 1912 to 1914 become surprisingly colorful planar panels. As an example, we can recall the “Tavern” by Pablo Picasso and the “Woman with a Guitar” by J. Braque.
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